In the sixty or so years since gaining independence, Pakistan has been embroiled in regional wars, internal strife and the war against terrorism. Upon separating itself from India in 1947, Muslim Pakistan engaged in the first of several wars with its larger, Hindu neighbor. Conflicts with India have stemmed from both religious differences and disagreements over control of Kashmir. Pakistan also fought with Indian forces while unsuccessfully attempting to hold onto East Pakistan (now known as Bangladesh) in 1971. In addition, Pakistan and India have been engaged in a nuclear arms race since the 1970s, when India became the first country on the subcontinent to demonstrate it had such weapons. Pakistan, however, did not conduct its first nuclear test until the late 1990s. For most of its history, Pakistan has been ruled by military dictators who have used their control of the army to dominate the presidency. Attempts at civilian rule have been brief and often marred by violence.
Lay of the Land: In southern Asia, in the northwest portion of the Indian subcontinent, Pakistan extends north from the Arabian Sea roughly 900 miles to the lofty ranges of the Hindu Kush and the Himalayas.
Pakistani Troops Fire on US Forces
The Embassy in Karachi was established Aug 15, 1947, with Charles W. Lewis, Jr., as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim.
Ambassador from Pakistan: Who is Sherry Rehman?
With the war in Afghanistan spilling over into Pakistan, where the CIA has launched numerous drone attacks on insurgents, the Obama administration selected Cameron Munter, a veteran diplomat with experience in Iraq, to run the U.S. embassy in Islamabad. Munter also is used to working in countries undergoing some kind of political transition, although all of those previous assignments took place in Europe. Munter was sworn in as U.S. ambassador to Pakistan on October 6, 2010.