San Francisco First Large City to Force Treatment of Mentally Ill
Despite fierce opposition from mental health advocates, San Francisco leaders have approved a policy by which a judge can be petitioned to order mandatory treatment for the mentally ill.
The policy change came as a result of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors approving a 12-year-old statute, Laura’s Law (pdf), which authorizes local governments, under limited circumstances, to force mentally ill people into treatment. Although the vote was 9-2, supporters had to make concessions to win over some board members.
Supervisor David Campos only agreed to back the move after a provision was added to create a local oversight team that will work to convince the mentally ill to voluntarily accept help first, the San Francisco Chronicle reported. Campos also said he preferred having the board approve the implementation of Laura’s Law instead of letting voters decide through the ballot box. A vote of the people would have required another vote to change the law.
Another opponent-turned-supporter, Supervisor Jane Kim, pushed through an amendment that requires an evaluation of the law in three years.
The two “no” votes came from Supervisors Eric Mar and John Avalos, who expressed concerns that the law will worsen the stigmatizing of the mentally ill and might not offer “culturally competent” care to those of different ethnic backgrounds.
The law was named after teenager Laura Wilcox, who was murdered in 2001 by a psychiatric patient. It allows a family member, roommate, mental health provider, or police or probation officer to, in limited circumstances, petition courts to compel outpatient treatment of a mentally ill person. However, the person must have been hospitalized or jailed for issues resulting from mental health issues problems in the past three years and have been seriously violent to himself, herself or someone else in the past four years.
Counties must opt-in to implement its provisions, something that has been slow to occur. Nevada County, where Wilcox was murdered, was the first to adopt the program. Since then, Orange County has signed on, while two others (Los Angeles and Yolo) have approved only pilot projects.
To Learn More:
Laura’s Law Passes Easily in S.F. Supervisors’ Vote (by Marisa Lagos, San Francisco Chronicle)
Laura’s Law on Care for Mentally Ill nears Approval in S.F. (by Heather Knight, San Francisco Chronicle)
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