Report Catalogues Exonerated Americans who Served more than 10,000 Years in Prison

Monday, January 28, 2013
Cornelius Dupree Jr. freed after 30 years for rape and robbery (photo: Mike Fuentes, AP)

Thousands of innocent Americans are spending years behind bars because of intentional misconduct by law enforcement and witnesses, according to the National Registry of Exonerations, a joint project of the University of Michigan Law School and the Center on Wrongful Convictions at Northwestern University School of Law.

 

Last year the Registry released its first report, which analyzes 873 exonerations between January 1989 and February 2012. In total, the 873 spent more than 10,000 years in prison for crimes they did not commit—an average of more than 11 years each.

 

According to the report, five of the most common reasons for wrongful convictions involved reckless or intentional misconduct, including perjury or false accusation (51%), mistaken witness identification (43%), official misconduct (42%), false or misleading forensic evidence (24%) and false confession (16%). (The numbers add up to more than 100% because many cases had two or more reasons behind them.)

 

The crime of murder spurred a higher rate of official misconduct (56%) than any other crime. Further, the shadow of misconduct lurks behind the leading cause of wrongful homicide convictions, which is perjury or false accusation (66%)–mostly deliberate misidentifications (44%)—and also explains the fact that homicide exonerations include 76% of all false confessions in the data.

 

In robbery and rape cases, mistaken eyewitness identifications are behind the overwhelming majority of bad convictions, including 80% of sexual assault cases and 81% of the robberies. In the rape cases, 53% of the bad I.D. exonerations involved white women accusing black men, a 10 to 1 racial disproportion probably caused by well-known difficulties of cross-racial eyewitness identification, a phenomenon itself arising from America’s troubled racial history.

 

Although most exonerations involved cases where the wrong person was convicted of a crime someone else committed, there were also cases where no crime was committed in the first place. Of child sex abuse exonerations, for example, 74% involved fabricated crimes that never occurred at all. But by far the largest concentrations of fabricated crime cases involve group exonerations following official misconduct. According to the report, at least 1,170 defendants were exonerated after authorities discovered 13 schemes in which police officers fabricated crimes, usually by planting contraband on innocent suspects.

 

Other highlights from the report include the following:

 

• 93% of those exonerated were men, 50% were black, 38% white, 11% Hispanic and 2% Native American or Asian.

• DNA evidence helped clear 37% of them.

• Since 2000, exonerations have averaged 52 a year, 40% of which include DNA evidence.

• The average time from conviction to a DNA exoneration is now about 18 years, up from less than 7 years in the early 1990s.

 

Since the report was issued, the registry has grown by 21.3% to more than 1,050 exonerations.

-Matt Bewig

 

To Learn More:

Exonerees: The numbers are small, but the toll is immense — and growing (by Tony Freemantle, Houston Chronicle)

Exonerations in the United States, 1989–2012 (by Samuel R. Gross and Michael Shaffer, National Registry of Exonerations) (pdf) 

DNA Clears Texas Man after 30 Years in Prison (by Noel Brinkerhoff, AllGov)

Innocent Man Released after 27 Years in Texas Prison (by David Wallechinsky, Noel Brinkerhoff, AllGov)

Comments

owen lawson 3 years ago
Thanks for the valuable information; it would be interesting to see statistics on prosecutors and policemen who knowingly framed people and were jailed for it!!!!Z
RAYMOND BRIGGS 5 years ago
my case is in battlecreek michigan..somebody help me please...thank you
raymond briggs 5 years ago
r&o i face they trying to give me 15yrs .why theres no help before they railroad me..county jail deputy beat me so bad that my family didnt know me.i have the video tape of the beating ,but the judge only care if i r&o.if i go to trial and get found guilty of obstruct,15 years i get,for they say of not folling a deputy order.PLEASE SOMEBODY HELP ME .IM ON BOND SET FOR TRIAL MARCH 12,2013 I CAN BE REACH AT 773 302 6152 MY CELL PHONE.THANK YOU .

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