Zimbabwe, derived from the Shona phrase “dzimba dza mabwe,” meaning “houses of stone,”
Lay of the Land: Landlocked Zimbabwe in southern Africa shares one of the wonders of the world, the magnificent Victoria Falls, with its northern neighbor, Zambia. It also shares one of the world’s largest man-made lakes, Lake Kariba, with Zambia. Both of these phenomena are located on the Zambesi River, Zimbabwe’s natural border with Zambia. To the south, another important river, the Limpopo, forms Zimbabwe’s frontier with the Republic of South Africa.
The original inhabitants of present-day Zimbabwe were Bushmen whose language, with its unusual clicking sounds, fascinated early European academics. However, when settlers arrived, they found it difficult to befriend the reticent Bushmen, and so hunted down and killed them instead. The current population of Zimbabwe has its origins in the Bantu people of the Niger/Congo region who, over a period of 2,000 years, spread throughout sub-equatorial Africa. By the 10th century, the Karangas, Shona-speaking descendents of the Bantu, had colonized present-day Zimbabwe, Malawi and the lowlands of Mozambique. The Karangas discovered and worked with gold, tin and copper and built the royal palace of Zimbabwe in the 11th century. They also established a trade in gold and ivory, which they transported to Mozambique, from where Arab merchants shipped it as far away as India and China. In the 15th century, the Rotsi, a Shona-speaking people from the south, took over the royal palace of Zimbabwe. The Portuguese, lured by the gold and ivory, colonized Mozambique and replaced the Arabs as the Rotsi’s trading partners.
All Zimbabwe News
The Financial Gazette
Great Zimbabwe News
The Herald (Harare)
The Insider (Bulawayo)
Kumakomo Community Radio Station (Blog – Manicaland, Mutare)
The Manica Post
The Mthwakazian (Matabeleland)
The Sunday Mail (Harare)
The Sunday News (Harare)
Zim Africa News
The Zimbabwean (UK)
The Zimbabwe Daily
The Zimbabwe Guardian
The Zimbabwe Independent
The Zimbabwe International News (Canada & United States)
Zimbabwe Metro (Harare, Bulawayo, Mutare, & Masvingo)
Zimbabwe News Online (Harare)
Zimbabwe Online Press (Harare)
The Zimbabwe Times
In November 1965, after Zimbabwe’s Unilateral Declaration of Independence, the United States recalled its Consul General from Salisbury, closed the US Information Service (USIS) library, and withdrew its Agency for International Development (USAID) and trade promotion officials. After 1965, the small remaining American consular staff continued to operate under authority of exequaturs issued by Queen Elizabeth II. The US closed its Consulate General on March 17, 1970, when Zimbabwe declared itself a republic.
Andrew Pattison – born in 1949 in South Africa, Pattison is a former Rhodesian tennis player. His highest ranking was World No. 24 in 1974. He became a naturalized American citizen following his retirement from tennis.
Despite sanctions imposed by the US on Zimbabwe, American businesses continue to import a healthy amount of goods from the strive-torn country. In 2008, the US imported a total of $111.9 million from Zimbabwe, up from $76 million in 2004.
US Expands Sanctions Against Zimbabwe
According to the State Department’s human rights report for 2008, the Zimbabwe government or its agents committed politically motivated, arbitrary, and unlawful killings during the year. Security forces killed opposition members and engaged in extralegal killings in connection with illegal diamond mining.
Note: The Embassy in Salisbury (now Harare) was opened on Apr 18, 1980, with Jeffrey Davidow as Chargé d’Affaires ad interim.
Machivenyika Mapuranga serves as Zimbabwe’s ambassador to the United States. Mapuranga received a BA with honors from the University of London in 1971, and a post graduate diploma in development studies from Oxford in 1972. He was awarded his MLitt in history and political thought from Edinburgh University in 1974 and a PhD in history from the University of London in1980.
Charles A. Ray has put in almost five decades of service during his career as both a soldier and diplomat, giving the new U.S. ambassador to Zimbabwe an intriguing political and military skill-set to handle American relations with one of Africa’s most contentious regimes. He was sworn in as ambassador October 20, 2009.