Located within the Department of the Interior, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) is an independent fact-finding agency that collects, monitors, analyzes, and provides scientific understanding about natural resource conditions, issues, and problems. Originally founded in an effort to map and survey the U.S. territories, today’s USGS program areas include biology, geography, geology, geospace and water. As a federal agency with a mandate for objective scientific study, the USGS often finds itself in the crossfire of political debates over global warming, nuclear waste and nature/wildlife conservation.
(by Lisa M. Pinsker, Geo Times)
Marcia K. McNutt, President Barack Obama’s choice to lead the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), was confirmed by the U.S. Senate October 21, 2009. McNutt is a geological scientist whose oceanography work includes training with Navy SEALS in underwater explosives, going on fifteen ocean study voyages, researching volcanoes and studying the forces behind the uplift of the Himalayan mountains.
Marcia McNutt Interview (National Academy of Sciences)
Mark Myers earned his B.S. and M.S. degrees in geology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and his doctorate in geology from the University of Alaska-Fairbanks in 1994, specializing in sedimentology, clastic depositional environments, surface and subsurface sequence analysis, and sandstone petrography. Myers is an expert on North Slope sedimentary and petroleum geology, and spent his career working as an exploration geologist for oil and gas in Alaska. He has worked as a survey chief for field programs in the MacKenzie Delta (ARCO, 1985), Cook Inlet (State of Alaska/U.S. Geological Survey, 1997), and North Slope (ARCO, 1999), as well as a sedimentologist for 13 other North Slope field programs. He has formerly served as a president and board member of the Alaska Geological Society; a certified professional geologist with the American Institute of Professional Geologists; a certified petroleum geologist with the American Association of Petroleum Geologists; and a licensed geologist with the State of Alaska. Myers was also an officer in the Air Force Reserve from 1977 to 2003, and retired as a Lt. Colonel.