The President’s Emergency Plan for Aids Relief (PEPFAR) is a pledge of $15 billion over five years (2003-2008) to fight the global HIV/AIDS pandemic. The legislation that authorized PEPFAR also established the State Department Office of the U.S. Global Aids Coordinator (OGAC), which oversees all international AIDS funding and programming. The Department of State and OGAC - along with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the Departments of Defense, Commerce, Labor, and Health and Human Services, and the Peace Corps - are responsible for administering PEPFAR. Through three strategic program areas (prevention, care and treatment), the initiative was intended to prevent 7 million new infections, treat 2 million people living with AID-related illnesses, and provide care and support for 10 million persons affected by AIDS. In its first two years, PEPFAR reportedly provided support for 471,000 people in 114 countries. Most of these were in 15 “focus countries,” - a list that currently includes Botswana, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Guyana, Haiti, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam and Zambia.
PEPFAR Important Dates and Information (PEPFAR Watch)
(GAO Report) (PDF)
(by Daniel P Moloney, Heritage Foundation)
A pioneer in the fight against AIDS, Eric P. Goosby has, since June 23, 2009, overseen the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) as part of his role as U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, leading all of the federal government’s international HIV/AIDS efforts.
Mark R. Dybul received his A.B. (1985) and M.D. (1992) from Georgetown University before completing his residency in internal medicine at the University of Chicago Hospitals (1995) and a fellowship in infectious diseases at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (1998). Dybul worked at the Department of Health and Human Services as the Assistant Director for Medical Affairs, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), National Institutes of Health (NIH), as well as Co-Executive Secretary of the HHS HIV therapy guidelines for adults and adolescents. Dybul also holds the rank of assistant surgeon general and rear admiral in the U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, the uniformed service of HHS, and is a former member of the World Health Organization's Writing Committee to develop global HIV therapy guidelines. Before joining the OGAC, Dybul served on the Planning Task Force for PEPFAR, and led HHS in President Bush’s International Prevention of Mother and Child HIV Initiative. He worked in the positions of Assistant and Deputy U.S. Global Aids Coordinator before becoming Acting U.S. Global Aids Coordinator in 2006. Dybul took over the Office’s highest post after its first appointee resigned amid a prostitution scandal. Dybul himself resigned on January 22, 2009, the day after Hillary Clinton was confirmed as Secretary of State.