The Office of Intelligence and Analysis (OIA) represents the intelligence wing of the Department of Homeland Security. OIA is responsible for gathering intelligence from other government and non-government sources on potential threats to US domestic security. OIA works with members of the Intelligence Community as well as state, local, federal and private officials to carry out its mission. Not only does OIA gather information from these sources but it also shares intelligence it has compiled in order to warn other sectors of the government about impending threats to the nation’s security. These information-sharing activities have raised concerns among civil libertarians, as have other facets of I&A work.
In the wake of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, President George B. Bush created in 2003 a new a cabinet-level agency, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in charge of protecting the United States from future assaults. In order to carry out its mission, DHS needed its own intelligence office, federal officials decided, one that would gather information on potential terrorist threats from various sources within the Intelligence Community (IC) and other federal agencies. The Information Analysis division was established, led by an Assistant Secretary for Information Analysis.
By 2005, DHS leadership was not happy with the intelligence division and decided to make changes. A new Office of Intelligence and Analysis (OIA) wascreated
using intelligence analysts from the Information Analysis division. The head of the new office was now dubbed the Chief Intelligence Officer, who reported directly to the DHS Secretary and was responsible for intelligence coordination and working with the rest of the IC along with state, local and private sector partners.In 2007, Congress adopted legislation that incorporated recommendations made by the 9/11 commission to improve domestic security. One provision of the “Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007
” (PDF) elevated the position of Chief Intelligence Officer to that of Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis.
Another leading defense contractor, Northrop Grumman, also has a
with I & A for IT services.
Other private sector stakeholders of I&A include businesses that receive information on security threats. This information is distributed through the Homeland Intelligence and Threat Analysis Center (HITRAC) and local fusion centers (see Controversies) located in various states. One example is in Illinois, where the State Terrorism Intelligence Center (STIC) has distributed information to the likes of Caterpillar, McDonald’s, Cargill and John Deere.
(by Robert O’Harrow, Jr., Washington Post)