Although the Census Bureau carries out hundreds of surveys every year, its most well-known duty is still to conduct the decennial census. The US Census Bureau is responsible for distributing, gathering and calculating the significance of a census given every ten years to the residents of the United States. The census is used to determine the number of each state’s congressional representatives and electoral votes, as well as the allocation of federal tax dollars. Census data directly affect how more than $200 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to local, state and tribal governments. The data are vital to other planning decisions, such as emergency preparedness and disaster recovery. The accuracy of the data decides the legitimacy of important decisions.
Because the Census has been around for almost 220 years, its results have been important in decision-making for the United States government since the nation was founded. 2010 will see the 23rd decennial census taken by the U.S. Census Bureau.
The Census Bureau collects data through surveys and conducts statistical analysis of the results to be used in policy-making desisons by the U.S. government. The mission and operations of the U.S. Census Bureau are laid out in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The expected stakeholders of the Census Bureau are Federal government departments and agencies, who use the data to make decisions, as well as state and local government officials. Private sector companies are interested in the census outcome, because they will use this in order to target specific markets for their products. The world of academia uses the census data to conduct research, while non-governmental organizations use the data to assess the socio-economic conditions of certain groups.
Field Data Collection Automation FDCA Program:
On April 2, 2009, President Obama nominated Dr. Robert M. Groves to be the next Director of the Census Bureau and he was confirmed on July 13. Groves, who will direct the 2010 Census, is a generally uncontroversial professor of sociology However, his nomination was contentious because his support for using statistical sampling, a statistical method commonly used to correct for errors and biases in the census, raised the ire of Republican critics, who believe that sampling would benefit minorities and the poor, who generally vote Democratic. Although the Supreme Court ruled in 1999 that apportionment of House seats must be based on the Census’s physical enumeration of Americans without use of statistical sampling, the Census Bureau could still use sampling in reporting figures used to draw Congressional districts and award federal funds for various programs. After serving for three years, Groves announced his resignation on April 10, 2012, (effective in August) in order to take the position of provost of Georgetown University.
Steve Murdock received his Bachelor’s Degree in Sociology from North Dakota State University and his Masters and Doctorate from the University of Kentucky in the same subject, finishing in 1975. From there he went on to teach at North Dakota State before joining the staff of Texas A&M in 1977. As the state demographer of Texas, Murdock headed the Texas State Data Center and Texas Population Estimates and Projections Program for more than 25 years taking a leadership role in the state’s coordination activities in the 1980, 1990, and 2000 decennial censuses. More recently he joined the University of Texas at San Antonio in 2004 and in 2007 he took a position at Rice University, specializing in applied demography, migration, rural sociology, and socioeconomic impact assessment. He has also authored or co-authored 12 books including: Applied Demography: An Introduction to Basic Concepts, Methods and Data. (1992), The Texas Challenge: Population Change and the future of Texas. (1997), The New Texas Challenge, (2003), Demographies: A guide to Methods and Data Source for Media, Business and Government. (2006) and “Applied Demography in the 21st Century.” (2008). President George W. Bush nominated Murdock for the position of Bureau director on June 18, 2007, and the Senate confirmed him unanimously in December 2007. He officially became director of the Census Bureau on January 4, 2008, and served until the end of Bush's presidency, after which he returned to Rice University..